Benefits of Transdermal Immunotherapy (TDIT) for Pediatric Allergies


For parents of children with moderate to severe allergies, adhering to a regimen of shots and oral medications can be a struggle. From busy schedules that make it difficult to keep track of medications, to a child who is averse to needles (or swallowing pills), managing seasonal allergies and chronic sinusitis can be a stressful process for both children and their parents.

According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America there are seven main allergy categories:

  • Pollen
  • Mold
  • Pet
  • Latex
  • Drug
  • Food
  • Latex

Transdermal medications can provide relief from allergy symptoms, without needles or oral medications.

What Is Transdermal Immunotherapy (TDIT)?

TDIT is a topical, non-invasive treatment that can relieve allergy symptoms for up to three years. Because they consist of a cream application absorbed through the skin, transdermal medications are easy to administer, without the discomfort and inconvenience commonly associated with injections, pills and tablets.

Depending on the patient’s allergy test results, a small dosage that gradually increases over time will be prescribed. Transdermal immunotherapy cream replaces allergy shots, while transdermal antihistamine cream replaces oral medications.

The benefits of transdermal immunotherapy include:

Non-invasive and pain-free
Easy to apply with a simple topical cream
Can provide relief for specific allergens and multiple diagnoses
Eliminates the need for multiple medications by combining several allergens in one treatment
May entirely replace or reduce the need for more invasive and time-consuming treatments like oral antihistamines (which can incur side effects in some cases), nasal sprays, allergy shots and other prescription medications
Can reduce general stress and discomfort sometimes associated with other allergy and sinusitis treatments
Because the TDIT is administered in small doses that gradually increase over a three-year period, the body has time to comfortably adjust to the introduction of allergens. After the initial treatment phase and symptom relief is achieved, the body will enter a maintenance phase. Transdermal immunotherapy includes an additional two-year monitoring phase by a physician to ensure that the treatment has been successful.

Who Is Eligible for Transdermal Immunotherapy?

TDIT is available for children six years of age and up. An allergy test can determine the specific allergens responsible for the symptoms. Because there are many potential triggers for an allergic reaction, a blood or skin test is performed in order to determine the best form of treatment.

The typical signs and symptoms of sinusitis include:

Nasal congestion/discharge
Facial pain and swelling
Bad breath
Seasonal allergies can also cause sneezing, coughing, eye and throat irritation, and earaches. Some allergy sufferers can also experience nausea, diarrhea and skin rashes, according to the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI). The ACAAI estimates that over 50 million Americans suffer from some form of allergies each year, making it the sixth most common form of chronic illness, at an annual expense of over $18 billion in associated costs.

Allergy symptoms can affect everything from academic performance and school attendance to participation in extracurricular activities, sports and social engagements for children. Transdermal immunotherapy may offer relief from the symptoms and potential side effects of other allergy treatments that can impact well-being and quality of life.

Seasonal Allergy and Sinusitis Diagnosis and Treatment in Houston

To learn more about TDIT and whether it is right for your child, contact 1960 Family Practice by calling (281) 586-3888 to schedule a consultation today.